From the history of video-EEG monitoring


The importance of assessing brain activity during sleep and has been discussed since the 1930s. The phrase of one of the luminaries in neurophysiology, epileptology E. Gibbs (Harvard Medical School) in 1934 is known: “One minute of EEG recording during sleep can tell more about the epileptic process than a whole hour of recording wakefulness of the brain.” He was one of the first to formulate the principle of sleep monitoring studies.

With the study of sleep and the formationpanayiotopoulos-syndrome-eeg of awareness of doctors, the technique of video-EEG monitoring in epilepsy and other paroxysmal disorders of consciousness began to take its significant place. Specialists began to more often analyze the bioelectrical activity of the brain in all phases of its functioning.

Currently, in neurosurgery and epileptology (according to special indications), the method of ultra-long (up to 1 month!) EEG recording using minimally invasive implantable EEG systems (electrodes are installed under the scalp) is used. In normal outpatient practice, video-EEG monitoring for 2–4 hours during the day and 8 hours at night is sufficient.

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